The first step on your way to beautiful, radiant skin is to determine your skin type. Skincare routine and products depend on your skin type and thus it is important for you to know your skin type. Products formulated for your skin type offer the best chance of giving you the results you want. Therefore, knowing your skin type allows you to choose and tailor your skincare routine and products that will be most beneficial to your skin.
There are generally 5 skin types. Firstly, normal skin that feels clean and smooth with natural radiance as it is not too oily or dry. Normal skin does not experience breakouts often. Secondly, oily skin which tends to shine and feel greasy. Excess sebum production makes oily skin more prone to whiteheads, blackheads, clogged pores and acne. Thirdly, combination skin which is a combination of oily and dry skin. People with combination skin will experience shine and greasiness on some areas of the face while having localised dry patches on other areas. Besides, combination skin can change according to weather. Next, dry skin that feels tight, rough, flaky and dry. Dry skin is more prone to aging and irritation. Last but not least, sensitive skin which gets irritated easily accompanied by rashes, red patches, itchiness and pain.
Other than visiting a skin doctor, you can determine your skin type by yourself at home. There are several simple methods to identify your skin type.
1. The Blotting Paper Test.
To perform this test, you need to prepare blotting paper. At the night before the test, wash your face and go to bed without applying any skincare product. Once you wake up in the morning, take the blotting paper and blot key areas of your face including T-zone, forehead, under eye, cheeks and jaw area. After that you can check the oils absorbed by the blotting paper to identify your skin type.
- Normal skin: Blotting paper has average amount of oil in all areas.
- Oily skin: Blotting paper has excessive amount of oil in all areas.
- Combination skin: Some areas of the face have excessive oil but other areas don’t have much oil on them.
- Dry/sensitive skin: Blotting paper has little or no oil on it.
2. The Mirror Method.
After your morning cleansing, do not apply any skincare or makeup as well as no wiping and blotting. As soon as midday comes, go see what your skin looks like in front of a mirror.
- Normal skin: Looks the same all the time.
- Oily skin: Look shinier compared to morning.
- Combination skin: T-zone looks shine but the rest of the face is the same.
- Dry/sensitive skin: Dry patches, peeling and redness at the midday.
3. The Touch Test.
Similar to the mirror method, prepare your skin in the morning. When midday hits, use your hands to touch your face to feel how is it. However, make sure that your hands are washed and clean.
- Normal skin: Entire skin feels supple and moisturised.
- Oily skin: T-zone and other parts of your face feel oily.
- Combination skin: T-zone, nose and chin feel oily while other areas feel rough and dry.
- Dry/sensitive skin: The skin feels rough without oily or supple feel.
Finally, when you get to know your skin type, you are ready to learn what are the skincare products available in the market that suit your skin type. After that, incorporate them into your skincare routine correctly to maximise their effects on the skin for a beautiful and radiant skin. If you are still not sure about your skin type, do seek help from the professionals like Serene Aesthetics.