Serene Aesthetics

Know Your Cleanser

Sep 30, 2017 — by Andrew Ooi

Cleansing is the most basic part of your daily skincare routine to maintain healthy looking and feeling skin. We used to assume cleansing as a basic skincare task that can be easily and quickly done even when we are a bit lazy or completely exhausted.

However, choosing the right cleanser that suits your skin type is not as easy as the cleansing process and using an inappropriate cleanser can harm your skin and cause you acne, dryness or even make your skin look older than it really is.

Therefore, it is important for you to understand your own skin type and select the cleansers that are specially formulated for your skin type. Hence, this article is going to help you figure out what cleansers will be the best fit for each skin type.

Oily skin type:

People with oily skin have overactive sebaceous glands which cause their skin producing more sebum than necessary. If you have oily skin, a gel based cleanser is necessary to help you clean out blocked pores and strip away excess sebum. When choosing a cleanser, you should look for a cleanser that is transparent since they are generally free from added moisturizers. Besides, you may also search for words like ‘oil control’ or ‘for oily skin’ on the label. Moreover, if your skin is really very oily and causes acne outbreak, you may look for ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, tea-tree oil or salicylic acid that fight acne.

Dry skin type:

People with dry skin have low levels of sebum and don’t maintain oil easily. Their skin often feel tight and appear flaky. Dry skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and to protect against external influences like sun damage and dry skin is also prone to rashes, eczema and flushes. If you have dry skin, it is recommended that you consider cleansers that don’t require rinsing. This is because water can strip the skin of additional moisture. Hence, you should choose a creamy, soothing and moisturizing cleanser as it doesn’t require rinsing and you can just wipe them off with a cotton ball. You should also look for cleansers that contain glycerin and hylauronic acid because these components draw water to the surface of your skin. Be cautious that you should avoid foam cleansers which tend to be drying.

Combination skin type:

Combination skin can be further divided into two categories: One is the forehead, nose and chin are oily while temples, eye area and cheeks are normal or dry and the other one is your skin changes between oily skin and dry skin with changing climate or season. People with combination skin can wash your face with a gentle and water-soluble cleanser that does not leave your skin tight and dry. A gel-based or mildly foaming cleanser is recommended. In some instances, people use different products on different parts of their face or during different weather or season.


Sensitive skin type:

People with sensitive skin has skin that easily breaks out in rashes, gets blotchy, itchy or even stings in response to products. Sensitive skin problem is often the result of allergies, inappropriate products or overzealously applied treatment. If you have sensitive skin, you should look for cleanser with glycerin in its ingredients. Glycerin improves and protects the skin and helps in building an even skin structure. It provides optimum level of moisture, but it is gentle and has no side effects. Fragrance-free is also an important deciding factor as sensitive skin is prone to irritation.

Lastly, everyone’s skin is different and you need to determine which skin type are you and then spend some time to research on different cleansers by looking at their nature and ingredients before choosing the most suitable one for your skin type.


Cleansing Twice a Day

You may be too busy or tired for that 5-minute cleansing routine in the early morning or after a long hard day. However, your cleansing routine is much more important than you think. It is recommended that you cleanse your face twice a day. Yes, this means you should cleanse your face at the morning and night.


Cleansing helps remove unwanted skin contactants. Morning cleanse is necessary to remove debris such as dead skin cells, allergens, dust and mold that accumulate on your skin during your sleep. This is because our bed and bedding sheets are the hotbed for skin contactants, especially allergens and bacteria. On the other hand, cleansing your face at night helps to wash off makeup, dirt and sebum that accumulate throughout the day. If not properly cleansed, all these impurities can clog your pores and cause further skin concerns such as large pores, acne, rashes and irritated skin.


cleansing is essential to prepare your skin for your morning and nighttime skincare routine. Imagine you are applying your skincare products and makeup on top of dead skin cells and excess oil. Not only unhygienic, it can also restrict the penetration of the potent ingredients in your skincare products into your skin. Therefore, cleansing day and night helps remove makeup, sebum and dirt, leaving your skin fresh and perfectly prepped to absorb your skincare regimen.


Cleansing helps enhance the natural process of the skin. Skin that is not well-cleansed can be inhibited from performing such process. We know that our skin repair and regenerate itself at night. If impurities on the skin are not removed, such process will not take place effectively which will affect the skin condition. For example, impurities on the face can affect the natural exfoliation process of the skin to shed the dead skin cells and thus result in dull appearance and flaky dry skin.  Besides, the overnight recovery process of the skin leads to more sebum secretion which cannot be rinsed away with mere water and requires proper cleansing.

Therefore, understanding importance of cleansing helps to discipline you to be more diligent in cleansing your face as you want your skin to be perfectly flawless and healthy. However, you should try to keep this cleansing twice a day because over-cleansing can work the opposite, causing you dry skin.

Essential Night Care For Tomorrow's Fresh Skin

It has been said that nighttime skincare is the key to flawless skin. This is because skin cell regeneration and repair is at its height between 1am and 3am. So, you will want to enhance this natural process by preparing and nourishing your skin with appropriate products.

To do so, here are some easy skincare tips you might want to follow at night before heading to bed so that you can have a healthy glowing skin in the next morning.


First of all,

it is essential to properly cleanse and exfoliate your face. Sweat, sebum, makeup and other impurities may have accumulated on your face throughout the day. It is important that you gently but deeply cleanse your face every night to remove impurities on your skin and prepare your skin for other skincare routines. Besides, dead skin cells are hard to remove from your skin. Hence, you can exfoliate your skin twice or thrice per week as exfoliating can remove the dead skin cells and avoid clogging pores which cause pimples.


Don’t skip toners! Apply toner right after cleansing. Different type of toner is formulated to target different skin issue that can help you to overcome your skin concern. Toners act as a delivery system for essential ingredients such as antioxidants, vitamin B derivatives and toning acids. Besides, using toner at night helps keep moisture level of the skin in balance and further exfoliates the skin.


Apply your treatment products. Treatment products are used to target specific skin concerns such as stubborn acne, age signs, hyperpigmentation and uneven texture. It is best to load up on your facial treatment products in the evening on freshly cleansed skin because you will be going to bed fresh-faced and these products will be under optimal conditions to work their best.


Apply your serums. Finishing the above steps, you can apply your serums on the clean skin but before moisturisers or creams. This is to avoid blocking the penetration of serums into the skin which causes wastage. Serums are products that are made up of smaller molecules that deliver a very high concentration of active ingredients. This makes them a great tool for targeting specific skincare concerns. Hence, serums are also treatment products. However, they need to be handled more carefully as they are usually pricey and the way of application can affect their effectiveness.


you can now apply moisturisers or face creams. Make sure you apply your heavy night cream as the last product in your nighttime routine. Not only will the heavier texture block ingredients from reaching the skin if applied too soon, but saving it for the end will create the added benefit of locking in all the ingredients you previously layered under it as well as some much needed moisture.

These tips may seem overwhelming after a long day but slowly incorporate them into your nighttime skincare regime and your skin will thank you! That’s all. Goodnight.