Serene Aesthetics

Tips to Get Rid of Blackheads

Sep 29, 2017 — by Andrew

Blackheads are the mix of oil and dead skin cells in pores that have turned brown or black due to oxidation when exposed to air. Excess secretion of sebum by the skin, especially oily skin, expands and thickens the pores resulting in development of blackheads. If blackheads are not eliminated, they might cause pimples and acne. Blackheads are super annoying because they commonly appear in the most visible areas of your face like chin, nostrils and forehead. You definitely do not want your crush to see them.

Anyway, if you can remove your blackheads at its primary stage, you will be able to protect the growth of acne on your face. Hence, to get rid of blackheads and its negative consequences, here are some skincare tips you might want to follow.


Keep your hands off your face:

Squeezing blackheads is not the right way to get rid of them. This is because people often put too much pressure on their face causing open pores, scars, hyperpigmentation and broken capillaries. Besides, squeezing blackheads may push the dirt deeper into the pores, further inflaming them and cross-contaminating other areas of the skin.


Remove your makeup:

Never sleep with your makeup. Your makeup and the oils on your face together will block your pores and cause blackheads. You should use a makeup remover or cleanser with makeup removing properties to thoroughly clean your makeup without leaving any impurities on your face. If you are too lazy to remove makeup, at least wipe your face with a facial wipe.


Cleanse your face gently but deeply:

It is important that you cleanse your face twice a day because this can help you to eliminate excess sebum and impurities on your face that can block the pores and cause blackheads. If you have really oily skin type, you can also splash water on your face when feel oily. However, you must not over-cleanse your face as removing most oil on the face can induce production of more sebum.


Exfoliate your face gently:

An exfoliator or scrub can remove dead skin cells and excess sebum accumulated on the skin, deeply cleansing the pores to remove and prevent blackheads. Having blackheads doesn’t mean your face is dirty, so don’t be rough with your skin and scrub it really hard. Gently massage the scrub in circular motion and its rough texture should be able to soften the pores and remove blackheads. Like cleansing, make sure you don’t over-exfoliate.


Get yourself blackhead treatment products:

It is better that you use a leave-on product rather than a cleanser to solve blackheads. When buying skincare products for blackhead treatment, look for salicylic acid in the ingredients as it can effectively dissolve blackheads away. Moreover, you can also try retinoids and sensitive skin type can go for a low-strength retinoids.


Don’t forget to moisturize your skin day and night:

Although blackheads are caused by excess sebum production, you still need to moisturize your skin. This is because some methods mentioned above to treat blackheads strip oils from the skin and dry it up. It is crucial that you maintain the moisture balance in the skin so that you are allowed to continue your blackhead treatment routine. In addition, choose a lightweight non-comedogenic moisturizer to prevent the moisturizer blocking the pores and worsen blackheads.


Lastly, by following this step-by-step guide closely and consistently, you should be able to get rid of blackheads and get clear skin.

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Essential Night Care For Tomorrow's Fresh Skin

It has been said that nighttime skincare is the key to flawless skin. This is because skin cell regeneration and repair is at its height between 1am and 3am. So, you will want to enhance this natural process by preparing and nourishing your skin with appropriate products.

To do so, here are some easy skincare tips you might want to follow at night before heading to bed so that you can have a healthy glowing skin in the next morning.

           

First of all,

it is essential to properly cleanse and exfoliate your face. Sweat, sebum, makeup and other impurities may have accumulated on your face throughout the day. It is important that you gently but deeply cleanse your face every night to remove impurities on your skin and prepare your skin for other skincare routines. Besides, dead skin cells are hard to remove from your skin. Hence, you can exfoliate your skin twice or thrice per week as exfoliating can remove the dead skin cells and avoid clogging pores which cause pimples.


Secondly,

Don’t skip toners! Apply toner right after cleansing. Different type of toner is formulated to target different skin issue that can help you to overcome your skin concern. Toners act as a delivery system for essential ingredients such as antioxidants, vitamin B derivatives and toning acids. Besides, using toner at night helps keep moisture level of the skin in balance and further exfoliates the skin.


Thirdly,

Apply your treatment products. Treatment products are used to target specific skin concerns such as stubborn acne, age signs, hyperpigmentation and uneven texture. It is best to load up on your facial treatment products in the evening on freshly cleansed skin because you will be going to bed fresh-faced and these products will be under optimal conditions to work their best.


Next,

Apply your serums. Finishing the above steps, you can apply your serums on the clean skin but before moisturisers or creams. This is to avoid blocking the penetration of serums into the skin which causes wastage. Serums are products that are made up of smaller molecules that deliver a very high concentration of active ingredients. This makes them a great tool for targeting specific skincare concerns. Hence, serums are also treatment products. However, they need to be handled more carefully as they are usually pricey and the way of application can affect their effectiveness.


Lastly,

you can now apply moisturisers or face creams. Make sure you apply your heavy night cream as the last product in your nighttime routine. Not only will the heavier texture block ingredients from reaching the skin if applied too soon, but saving it for the end will create the added benefit of locking in all the ingredients you previously layered under it as well as some much needed moisture.


These tips may seem overwhelming after a long day but slowly incorporate them into your nighttime skincare regime and your skin will thank you! That’s all. Goodnight.

Skin Type Check

The first step on your way to beautiful, radiant skin is to determine your skin type. Skincare routine and products depend on your skin type and thus it is important for you to know your skin type. Products formulated for your skin type offer the best chance of giving you the results you want. Therefore, knowing your skin type allows you to choose and tailor your skincare routine and products that will be most beneficial to your skin.

There are generally 5 skin types. Firstly, normal skin that feels clean and smooth with natural radiance as it is not too oily or dry. Normal skin does not experience breakouts often. Secondly, oily skin which tends to shine and feel greasy. Excess sebum production makes oily skin more prone to whiteheads, blackheads, clogged pores and acne. Thirdly, combination skin which is a combination of oily and dry skin. People with combination skin will experience shine and greasiness on some areas of the face while having localised dry patches on other areas. Besides, combination skin can change according to weather. Next, dry skin that feels tight, rough, flaky and dry. Dry skin is more prone to aging and irritation. Last but not least, sensitive skin which gets irritated easily accompanied by rashes, red patches, itchiness and pain.

Other than visiting a skin doctor, you can determine your skin type by yourself at home. There are several simple methods to identify your skin type.


1. The Blotting Paper Test.

To perform this test, you need to prepare blotting paper. At the night before the test, wash your face and go to bed without applying any skincare product. Once you wake up in the morning, take the blotting paper and blot key areas of your face including T-zone, forehead, under eye, cheeks and jaw area. After that you can check the oils absorbed by the blotting paper to identify your skin type.

  • Normal skin: Blotting paper has average amount of oil in all areas.
  • Oily skin: Blotting paper has excessive amount of oil in all areas.
  • Combination skin: Some areas of the face have excessive oil but other areas don’t have much oil on them.
  • Dry/sensitive skin: Blotting paper has little or no oil on it.


2. The Mirror Method.

After your morning cleansing, do not apply any skincare or makeup as well as no wiping and blotting. As soon as midday comes, go see what your skin looks like in front of a mirror.

  • Normal skin: Looks the same all the time.
  • Oily skin: Look shinier compared to morning.
  • Combination skin: T-zone looks shine but the rest of the face is the same.
  • Dry/sensitive skin: Dry patches, peeling and redness at the midday. 


3. The Touch Test.

Similar to the mirror method, prepare your skin in the morning. When midday hits, use your hands to touch your face to feel how is it. However, make sure that your hands are washed and clean.

  • Normal skin: Entire skin feels supple and moisturised.
  • Oily skin: T-zone and other parts of your face feel oily.
  • Combination skin: T-zone, nose and chin feel oily while other areas feel rough and dry.
  • Dry/sensitive skin: The skin feels rough without oily or supple feel.


Finally, when you get to know your skin type, you are ready to learn what are the skincare products available in the market that suit your skin type. After that, incorporate them into your skincare routine correctly to maximise their effects on the skin for a beautiful and radiant skin. If you are still not sure about your skin type, do seek help from the professionals like Serene Aesthetics.